Humanizing Math with #MathGals

I'm honored to have been asked by Sam & Hema to be a keynote blogger for the conference. Make sure to catch up with all of the wonderful blogs, videos and tweets shared so far at The Virtual Conference on Humanizing Mathematics.

I've been thinking a lot lately about math as a human endeavor, and more specifically, how we humanize (read: make accessible, comfortable, welcoming to ALL people) a subject that has been historically considered a masculine endeavor. It's hard for me to wrap my head around the fact that a Google search for "famous mathematicians" in 2019 returns this slice of mostly old, dead, white-guy-centric history:

Don't get me wrong. These (mostly) men above made fantastic, famous contributions to mathematics. But what baffles me is the glaring omission of the women who have made equally important and impressive impacts on the field. So, my act of humanizing mathematics is to change this narrative. Lately, I have been working intentionally to spread awareness of mathematics as a feminine endeavor and take action to make math a place where women belong and are treated that way.

About a year ago, my 9-year-old daughter and I started reading Power in Numbers: The Rebel Women of Mathematics by Dr. Talithia Williams. It contains stories of amazing women who have pursued math in the last two millennia - yes, millennia. It turns out that women have been doing mathematics as long as men have, though history certainly doesn't make this systematically well-known. As my daughter & I read together about women who were passionate pioneers in their fields, my daughter turned to me and said, "Why didn't I know this before?! Everyone should know their names!" And the #MathGals project was born.

Together, we chose the names of nine women from near and far history who have made important contributions to math to put on a t-shirt. What better way to spread the word than to wear their names? 

It was important to us that their first names appear on the shirt because many women in the past had to study math under the guise of a male pseudonym. Our hope was to start conversations with friends, family, and perfect strangers in elevators. And from people coming up and asking "who's on your shirt?" to side glances that inspire us to ask, "are you wondering who these names belong to?", the attention has continued to grow. Two t-shirts have turned into almost 1,000, and the #MathGals movement has taken on a life of its own, largely thanks to the brilliant creativity of the math Twitter community. #MathGals has stickers (thank you @jenny_wales!), classroom displays (thank you, @MissMath_Teach, @KyneCasey, & others!)...

...classroom & teacher communities (thank you, @SK_goldberg36, @CountOnMe_LDSB!)...

...clubs (coming soon, thank you @Zakchamp!), famous ambassadors (thank you, @samjshah2@joboaler@stevenstrogatz!)...

...and so many ideas for how to spread the word even further & being to impact the lives of young female mathematicians.

I recognize that getting to know the names & stories of the women who paved the way and are making a difference in math today is just the first step in feminizing mathematics. A little research will show that I'm not the first to rally around bringing awareness to the women in math movement. Popular media even jumped on board with the release of the Hidden Figures movie in 2016. The stories of female mathematicians are often focused on how they were/are courageous, rebellious, persistent, unwavering, pioneering, etc; and this makes me both proud and sad. Proud, because these women who have come before us have put in considerable work to change math from a men's club to a human endeavor. Sad, because in many places, it still takes rebellion for women to pursue mathematics (in its many forms) as a career.

We're still experiencing a distinct lack of women choosing to specialize in math. Despite an increase in the number of women pursuing STEM majors in college in recent years, we are still a minority in STEM careers - only 28% in 2018, according to the NSF. Women leave STEM careers at an alarming rate, largely due to not being treated like or feeling like they belong. It turns out that getting girls interested in math & science is the easy part. Committing to treating them as if they belong, it turns out, is the hardest but most important part. Some emerging research suggests changes in physical environment, messaging, collaboration opportunities and mentorship could positively impact women’s belonging. I’m interested in how we establish and sustain belonging from a girl’s earliest math experiences throughout a career, and am looking forward to lots of conversation about this from the math community.

In closing, I humanize math by feminizing math. The #MathGals effort isn’t about pushing anyone out; it’s about making sure there’s room and respect for everyone. It would take an infinite number of shirts to honor all of the women who have made math theirs, so we’re starting with a handful as we grow awareness and work our way towards a world where #MathGals are the norm.

To learn more, check out the #MathGals hashtag on Twitter. Website coming soon!


  1. I just started reading The Rebel Women of Mathematics last week! Love your T-shirts, the #mathgals initiative, and the fact that it is a collaboration with your daughter.
    You said that "Some emerging research suggests changes in physical environment, messaging, collaboration opportunities and mentorship could positively impact women’s belonging (in math)" ... I'd love to learn more about that emerging research. Do you have any links, article titles, etc.?

    1. Hi Kara! This article in particular addresses issues related to belonging and potential solutions:


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